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Accessibility Issues

What kind of accessibility issues are there? 

Digital accessibility encompasses a variety of challenges that can hinder the ability of individuals with disabilities to fully engage with online content. Understanding and addressing these issues is crucial for creating inclusive digital environments. Here’s a breakdown of some prevalent accessibility barriers and their implications.

Understanding Color Contrast

For individuals with visual impairments, distinguishing text against a background can be challenging if the colours are too similar. This scenario, known as a colour contrast issue, affects readability and can be identified using color contrast checkers. These tools evaluate coded elements like text and background colours but may not assess graphics or images. Surprisingly, about 83.6% of top websites do not meet the standard for colour contrast.

The Importance of Keyboard Navigation

Many individuals with disabilities rely on keyboard navigation, bypassing the mouse due to visual impairments or physical limitations. A fundamental test for keyboard accessibility is the Tab Test, which assesses whether a site can be navigated using the tab key alone. Regrettably, a significant majority of websites fail to accommodate this essential navigation method.

The Role of Alt Tags

For users who are blind, understanding visual content like images, especially those containing text, is impossible without alternative text descriptions, or "Alt Tags." These descriptions are vital for screen readers to convey the content of images, yet over a third of the top websites lack adequate alt tags for their images.

Labelling Forms Correctly

Forms are common on most websites and they are often used to allow visitors to make requests via the website directly, rather than using email, telephone or social media. Many websites do not have their contact details on them and only permit requests via these forms. However, if a form has not been labelled correctly, it will be very difficult, if not impossible for a disabled person to use. 35.8% of the top million websites fail this test.

Additional Accessibility Challenges

Beyond the common issues highlighted, digital accessibility addresses several other areas:

  • Audio and Video Accessibility: Providing captions, transcriptions, and audio descriptions makes multimedia content accessible to individuals with hearing or visual impairments.
  • Responsive Design: A responsive website ensures accessibility across various devices and screen sizes, crucial for users relying on assistive technologies.
  • Cognitive Accessibility: Simplifying language, ensuring clear navigation, and maintaining a clutter-free layout are key for users with cognitive disabilities.
  • Assistive Technology Compatibility: Websites and applications should be compatible with assistive tools like screen readers, magnifiers, and voice recognition systems to be truly accessible.
  • Legal Compliance: With laws like the ADA in the U.S. and the EU Web Accessibility Directive, adhering to legal standards for accessibility is both a legal obligation and a practice in inclusivity.

By tackling these accessibility barriers and adopting inclusive design principles, we can create digital spaces that are not only compliant with legal standards but also universally welcoming, enhancing the user experience for all visitors.

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Keyboard Navigation

At Access By Audit, we're dedicated to enhancing web accessibility by focusing on keyboard navigation, a crucial aspect for many users, including those with motor disabilities, visual impairments, and preferences for keyboard use over traditional mouse interactions. Our aim is to ensure that every... read more »

A vividly colored chameleon with a mix of bright red, green, blue, and orange hues on its rough, textured skin is perched on a tree branch. The background is a soft, out-of-focus green, highlighting the chameleon’s vibrant and intricate patterns.

Colour Contrast

Empowering Digital Inclusivity with Every Hue At Access By Audit, we believe in creating a digital world that is accessible, inclusive, and vibrant for everyone. Our mission is to harness the power of colour contrast to enhance website accessibility, ensuring that content is perceivable, operable,... read more »